The Wheel
The invention of the wheel is probably the most important invention of the Mesopotamians. Without the wheel, the world simply wouldn't exist as we know it. The invention of the wheel was one of the most important inventions because now days we see that without this invention our life would’ve been much harder.
It is a mystery as to who invented the very first wheel, but the Credit is given to the ancient Mesopotamians for now. They invented this in about 3500 B.C. In Sumer. This is where the oldest known wheel has been found. They didn’t invent the wheel right away; the first type of wheel they used was called potter's wheels. They used the potter’s wheels to transport food, or heavy tools from town to town. It also helped them carry more water so they didn’t have to be dependent on living right next to a water source. After a couple of years the first actual wheels were made by planks of wood joined together.
The Sumerians improved upon the wheel later by using it as transportation on their chariots. Wheels started being used as gears after a while. This allowed for the invention of mechanical devices such as water wheels, cogwheels, and astrolabes for sailors to navigate, this invention didn’t only help us live easier today it also helped the Sumerians a lot at that time when the wheel was invented. Invention of the wheel in Sumer allowed a great increase in the trading of food, producing and resources. A donkey can carry several times the load on a wheeled cart than it can with its own back. Also, chariots pulled by donkeys allowed for greater military communication and the successful use of this method of fighting made the soldiers work way easier, one man drove while another threw javelins at the enemy.
Over all, if we didn’t have the wheel invented by the wonderful Sumerians we wouldn’t have had a lot of things which play a very important role in our life today. Without the wheel, there would be no automobiles, no airplanes, no space launches, and no turbine engines. Think about it, what our life would look like if we didn’t have cars, we had to walk everywhere. If we didn’t have the airplanes how would we travel around the world where would we go for our holidays. Most importantly we couldn’t have all this information about the stars planets and space if it wasn’t for the invention of wheel. All the people in this world owe a huge thank you to the Sumerians for the invention of the wheel.